Legal and Justice Affairs Advisory Council
The Legal and Justice Affairs Advisory Council (LJAAC) is a new Advisory Council established by the Office of the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia (FDRE) Attorney General to advise the government in its effort to undertake a comprehensive reform of the country’s legal and justice system.
The Council shall provide advice to the Government on the following eight focus areas of the reform process: Law Reform, Law Making Process and Administrative Law, Judicial Affairs, The Criminal Justice System, Civil and Commercial Law, Democratic Institutions, Legal and related Services, Legal Training and Education.
Composed of 13 prominent legal professionals, the Council will have a term of three years. The Secretariat of the Council shall undertake technical work and research necessary for the AC to discharge its mandate.
that the law applies to everyone – no one is above the law. And the law must be applied the same regardless of race, gender, status or any other consideration.
metonymy for Law itself in all its grandeur and majesty
This concerns laws that are widely perceived to be incompatible with the FDRE Constitution or as having had a detrimental effect on human rights and democracy. In particular, the laws that fall within this sub-program are the Anti-Terrorism Proclamation, the Charities and Societies Proclamation as well as various legislation having to do with the regulation of the press/media.
The objective of this subprogram is to ensure that the norms and institutions established in these legislations are compatible with the Constitution and relevant international human rights standards. The revision to be undertaken in this sub-program will pave the way for a statutory regime conducive for the emergence of a vibrant and strong civil society and media.
the objective of this subprogram is to ensure that the legislative process, including the way in which various pieces of laws are drafted and adopted will become more participatory and democratic. The reform in this subprogram will also be geared at creating mechanisms that enhance both the formal and substantive quality of our laws.
The reform will also incorporate in the law-making process mechanisms to ensure the compatibility of laws with the Constitution and Ethiopia’s international obligations. The sub-program looks in to not only how proclamations are enacted but will also include the process through which administrative rules and laws are made. This subprogram will look into the way through which regulatory policy is implemented through rule making and adjudication by administrative agencies.
One objective of this sub-program will be to enhance the capability of regulatory agencies and ordinary courts to discharge their obligation of administering justice in a predictable and efficient manner.
this subprogram focuses on the federal judiciary. Its objective is to enhance the integrity and capability of the federal judiciary. The reform process will identify factors that are detrimental to the credibility and effectiveness of the federal judiciary and propose ways in which these problems will be addressed.
The sub-program will be implemented in such a way that the independence of the judiciary, the practical existence of which nowadays leaves much to be desired, is bolstered and reinforced.
The reform will come up with proposals to increase the confidence of the public in the judiciary and to enhance the capacity of the judiciary to be more assertive, independent, accountable, accessible and effective in protecting the rights of citizens. In so doing, relevant laws, regulations and work practices will be reviewed and, where appropriate, legislative reform or introduction of new laws will be recommended.
this sub-program is intended to identify problems in the criminal justice system. In particular, the subprogram will identify aspects of the system that lead to abuse of rights and disproportionate punishment.
The subprogram would propose administrative and legislative interventions designed to engender a coherent, rational, just and effective criminal justice system. The proposed solutions will also address institutional bottlenecks and problems that hinder the effectiveness and fairness of the criminal justice system.
the sub-program will also include a review of the current state of affairs in relation to the commercial code and major civil law matters to identify the salient issues both in the law and its implementation that call for legislative reform.
this sub-program focuses particularly on the institutional and legal problems that have undermined the performance and credibility of democratic institutions such as the National Electoral Board, the Ethiopian Human Rights Commission, and the Institution of the Ombudsman. The sub-program will also explore the mechanism for the interpretation and enforcement of the Federal Constitution.
The sub-program will result in a set of recommendations that substantially improve the overall autonomy, credibility and effectiveness of these institutions. It also addresses revisions that could be necessary in the laws that these institutions are supposed to apply and come up with recommendations on how the mechanism for constitutional interpretation and enforcement in Ethiopia could be improved and strengthened.
this subprogram addresses the various services provided to the public by the legal profession. These include the provision of legal advice and representation as the well as arbitration, trusteeship, investigation and so on.
The sub-program is intended to identify the major problems and shortcomings in the provision of legal and related services as well as the legislative and administrative measures that could enhance the level of professionalism, accessibility and ethical conduct among the providers of legal and related services.
It also explores the alternative ways in which the providers of these services could be regulated and organized with a view to safeguard the interest of justice and the society.
This subprogram investigates the problems of quality and the relevance of legal education and training in contemporary Ethiopia. It also evaluates the results of the previous round of reforms in this sector and propose ways in which the provision of legal training and education in Ethiopia will produce professionals with a high degree of technical competence and ethical integrity.